Topography

The terrain of Basirhat municipal area is flat and homogenous with occasional 'highs' and 'lows'. The high and medium lands are constituted of sands and silts with clay blanketing, while the low lands mostly consist of clays with accumulation of water. These low lands are highly fertile. The river Ichhamati flows along the northern and eastern sides of the Municipal area, while river Jhilla, Sahebkhali, Dausa etc drain the area in southern and western parts of the terrain. Overall slope of the terrain is towards South-East

Soil

Very deep, poorly drained, fine soils are occurring on level to nearly level upper delta plain with clayey surface with moderate flooding, associated with very deep, imperfectly drained, fine loamy soils.

Traditional Arts/Crafts :Weaving

Climate of District 24 Parganas
Description Particulars
Rainfall 1,579mm(normal)
Temperature 410C in May(Max) and 100C in January(Min)
Relative Humidity Between 50% in March & 90% in July
Soil Status Varies from sandy to clay loam
Ratio of land High: Medium: Low=17:44:39

Climatic data: (As per District Statistical Hand Book)

Average rain fall
Annual temperature


Municipality At a Glance:

Total Area 22.5 sq.km.
Population ( as per 2001 census) 113120
Population ( as per 2011 census) 125087
Density of Population(2001) 5027
Density of Population (2011) 5559
BPL Population 66600
No. of Recognized Slum 65

Demographic Growth and Population Projection

Demographic Growth and population projection: Basirhat had a population of 1,13,120. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Basirhat has literacy rate of 82.52% (as per Census 2001) higher than the nation. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Demography (As per Socio Economic Survey 2007)

The population projection of Basirhat Municipality has been done at a growth rate of 1.16% per year. The ward-wise population distribution and projection of 2025 (considering Growth Rate at 1.16% per year as suggested by District Planning Committee, North 24 Parganas).

Ward Wise Population Growth Projected 2001-2025


Salient Features of Population Characteristics

 

Total Male Female Source of Data

No. of Households

25112

As per Census 2001

Total Population

113120

57876

55244

Population below 6yrs

11493

5831

5662

Population Literate

83865

45687

38178

 

 

 

 

 

No. of Households

29137

As per Census 2011

Total Population

125087

63358

61729

Population below 6yrs

10576

5432

5144

Population Literate

101121

53052

48069


Administrative Boundaries:

On 1st January 1861, Basirhat Sub-division was constituted as per order of the Government. Before that Basirhat was under the jurisdiction of Barasat Sub-division. Initially this Sub-division was not named as "Basirhat", it was "Basurhat". This Sub-division covered an area of 352 sq. kms with 473 villages. The population was 2,68,146. In 1861, as per the order of Indian Government, "Basurhat" Sub-Division was formed consisting of Balia Pargana's Basurhat, Kalinga, Harua, Husenabad Police Stations. The name "Basurhat" continued to exist till 1896. Afterwards it became "Basirhat".

Linkages Of Rail, Road:

Basirhat is situated near the river Ichamoti which is a branch river of Ganges. It is well connected with Kolkata by rail (65 Kms) as part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system and road. It is very near to Bangladesh. It is 42 km from Barasat on the Barasat-Basirhat-Hasnabad branch line of Eastern Railway.


Religion Wise Break Up Of Population As Per Census 2001

RELIGION MALE FEMALE TOTAL
HINDU 45,602 43,760 89,362
MUSLIM 12,168 11,403 23,571
CRISHTIAN 5 3 8
SIKH 36 30 66
BUDDHIST 9 6 15
JAIN 18 11 29
OTHERS 5 1 6
RELIGION NOT STATED 33 30 63
TOTAL 57,876 55,244 113,120